UPDATE Ohio:

New, Confirming Evidence that Buprenorphine and Methadone Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST, MAT) is Worsening America’s Lethal Epidemic

by Clark Miller

March 18, 2020

The numbers, as they say, are staggering.

Opioid-related and other drug overdose deaths increasing steadily, now sharply, over decades, 70,000 in 2017. Seemingly perversely, as population “dose” of the promised, publicly funded U.S. medical industry cure for the medical model “brain disease” of compulsive substance use – dose of substitute opioids that are addictive, diverted and abused – has expanded over the same years.

BELOW:

In Ohio, new evidence – indicators of high-risk opioid abuse continue to increase over years of heavily increased funding and provision of substitute opioid medical fixes (OST) for the medically-generated opioid crisis, results inconsistent with presumed and unsupported benefit from OST.

Overdose deaths US trend The Guardian

(from The Guardian – November 29, 2018)

SAMSHA bupe client trends2

The more medical cure provided to the diseased brains, the more deaths mount.

As outlined and discussed here at A Critical Discourse in a series of posts on the opioid epidemic and its causes, the false promise of medication assisted treatment (MAT) as implemented is increasingly exposed by critical evaluation of diverse lines of evidence and research from U.S. MAT outcomes and from France’s decades-long, least restrictive, most intensive opioid substitute treatment (OST) campaign in the world, held out as the model for a U.S. medical “fix” with substitute opioids.

As established for the lethal iatrogenic opioid crisis the fix is a response to, the research “evidence” was never credibly supportive and predictive of benefit, instead predictive of a mounting body of evidence of failed outcomes and steadily worsening lethal public health epidemics associated with population “dose” of the medical cure increasing substantially and steadily in the U.S. and model country France. That research – vetted by the same expert professional class responsible for ensuring a research evidence base for the medically appropriate, safe, effective use of addictive opioids for the non-medical condition of common chronic pain – was never subjected to competent critical analysis of research design, interpretation and validity, never subjected to a critical discourse, instead successfully endorsed by popularizing writers in mass media.

STAT opioid deaths

DIRECTLY BELOW:

In Ohio, new evidence mined by reporter Katy Kinner for WSWS – opioid-related overdose (OD) deaths have increased steadily up through early this year, over years of heavily increased funding and provision of substitute opioid medical fixes (OST) for the medically-generated opioid crisis, results inconsistent with presumed and unsupported benefit from OST.

Discussed in a preceding post, one of multiple lines of evidence consistently invalidating benefit from OST: high risk opioid use increasing in Canada associated with increasing doses of the OST medical fix –

Over the same time period what should be a valid indicator and measure of changes in prevalence of high-risk opioid use – incidence of injection-related endocarditis – has increased steadily and significantly as well. That’s the opposite of predicted if OST by provision of methadone and bupe were providing benefit by reducing high-risk opioid use.

New

From the report by WSWS reporter Katy Kinner –

Franklin County, Ohio coroner, Dr. Anahi Ortiz, revealed in a press conference at the end of February that the state’s capitol Columbus and its immediate suburbs had seen the overdose death rate increase by 45 percent from last year.
Comparing the time period of January 1 to February 21, Franklin County saw an increase from 73 overdose deaths in 2019 to 109 overdose deaths in 2020. Dr. Ortiz also described an increase in suicide and homicide deaths, each manner of death increasing by 40 percent from 2019 in the same time period.
On Facebook, Dr. Ortiz also posted a statement describing last month’s rise in deaths: “This has been a very sad week for Franklin County: we have had 23 overdose deaths from 1/31 to this past Friday. Then yesterday, February 8 we had five overdose deaths. Most of these folks most likely died from fentanyl.”

. . .

Overdoses can be a result of a multitude or combination of drugs including but not limited to opioids, stimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamines, and depressants such as benzodiazepines. However, as Dr. Ortiz made clear in her press conference, fentanyl has been a main contributor to the overdose increases in Franklin County as well as on a national scale.
Data from the Ohio Department of Heath shows that 73 percent of the 3,764 unintentional drug overdoses in the state of Ohio in 2017 were attributed to fentanyl, frequently in combination with other drugs such as heroin. Thirty-eight percent of overdoses were attributable to fentanyl in 2015, and 53 percent in 2016. Since 2012, Ohio deaths from synthetic opioids have increased 25-fold, jumping from 139 deaths in 2012 to 3,523 deaths in 2017. Compared to the 2017 national synthetic opioid death rate of 28,869, the state of Ohio accounts for 10 percent of the national whole while its population represents only 4 percent.

Yet over the past decade, spending in Ohio for medications dispensed to patients with problem opioid use has increased substantially, more than in many states.

Particularly, spending for buprenorphine-based opioid substitution has increased, for example a doubling in Medicaid payment for Suboxone from 2014 to 2016.

Funding has included “Funded programs to train doctors, nurse practitioners and physician assistants in using medication-assisted treatment to battle addiction.”

Despite that use of public healthcare resources for medical fixes for the medically-generated lethal opioid crisis, opioid-related overdose deaths have “spiraled”, increasing to record levels over the same years.

Despite increased state spending, legislation and debate on Ohio’s drug crisis, last year’s [2016] death toll was 33-percent higher, according to the annual report on unintentional drug overdose deaths released Wednesday by the Ohio Department of Health.

The accumulating data from Ohio, like those from Ontario, Canada, provide a more direct measure and evaluation of the effects on high-risk opioid use of increasing provision of the publicly-funded medical “fix” for the medial opioid crisis.

In Franklin County, Ohio, cases of drug-injection-related infectious endocarditis, a measure of injection drug use, have skyrocketed over the years 2012 – 2017.

Specifically, the increase in incidence of those cases increased 436 percent, most of that increase attributable to use of heroin by injection.

Investigators found that overall admissions for infective endocarditis at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center increased 101% from 2012 to 2017, with most of the increase coming from the 436% jump in drug-related cases. The research, which was presented at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) 2019 Annual Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, found that most of the cases of endocarditis related to drug use involved heroin.

Significant, extended increases in medical provision of buprenorphine and methadone OST should necessarily have resulted in the opposite outcome – decreases over the same time period of high-risk opioid use . . . unless . . . as is generally and predictably the case, the provision of a medical model “treatment”, unsupported and indicated against by research evidence for an entirely non-medical condition – compulsive problem opioid use – has predictably resulted in a worsening of an iatrogenic lethal opioid crisis rather than providing benefit.